Springfield, South Dakota
|• Total||1.03 sq mi (2.67 km2)|
|• Land||1.03 sq mi (2.67 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||1,289 ft (393 m)|
|• Density||1,856.45/sq mi (716.83/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1267590|
Springfield is a city in Bon Homme County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 1,914 at the 2020 census. As of 2012, about 1,200 of the residents were inmates at Mike Durfee State Prison.
Springfield was named on account of there being numerous natural springs in the area.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,989 people, 352 households, and 200 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,969.3 inhabitants per square mile (760.4/km2). There were 433 housing units at an average density of 428.7 per square mile (165.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.7% White, 2.9% African American, 23.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.
There were 352 households, of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2% were non-families. 41.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.66.
The median age in the city was 37 years. 8.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 13.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 42.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 10.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 81.1% male and 18.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 792 people, 356 households, and 218 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,211.6 inhabitants per square mile (467.8/km2). There were 400 housing units at an average density of 611.9 per square mile (236.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.43% White, 0.38% African American, 4.80% Native American, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.
There were 356 households, out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 23.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $29,464, and the median income for a family was $40,625. Males had a median income of $25,227 versus $21,071 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,863. About 8.5% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.
Mike Durfee State Prison
Springfield is home of the Mike Durfee State Prison. It opened under the name of Springfield State Prison in 1984, and included women from the prison at Yankton. The prison took on its first male inmates in 1985. The prison became all-male in 1997 when the female inmates were transferred to Herm Solem Public Safety Center in Pierre. In 1999, it was renamed for Mike Durfee, who had been Assistant Warden and Director of Education for the prison. Durfee was Deputy Director of the South Dakota Department of Corrections when the prison was renamed in his honor.
Springfield is a notable destination for recreation including hunting and fishing along the upper portions of Lewis and Clark Lake. The South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks operates the Springfield State Recreation Area with 20 campsites, boat ramp, and golf course along the lake.
Veteran's Memorial Park(also known by Terrace Park by its locals) sits atop a bluff with scenic views of Lewis and Clark Lake and the Missouri River.
- Maria Pearson, Yankton Sioux activist, was born in Springfield
- Mel Tjeerdsma, past president of the American Football Coaches Association, grew up near Springfield
- "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved February 15, 2010.
- "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Springfield, South Dakota
- "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
- "U.S. Census Bureau: Springfield city, South Dakota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2022.
- "Prison Group Eyes Rising Numbers". Yankton Press and Dakotan. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
- Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 61.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 20, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
- "Mike Durfee State Prison: Dedication:: SD Dept. of Corrections". doc.sd.gov. Retrieved June 14, 2023.
- "Mike Durfee State Prison". South Dakota Department of Corrections. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
Media related to Springfield, South Dakota at Wikimedia Commons